The global food waste problem is enormous in scale. Recent estimates indicated that waste accounts for one third to one half of all current food production. Much of this loss comes from post harvest inefficiencies that have long lasting environmental and socio-economic consequences. Since most developing countries rely on agriculture as their main economic sector, addressing post-harvest loss can have a significant impact on poverty reduction, crop resiliency, and sustainability of rural livelihoods.
In recent reports stemming from the 68th General Assembly publications, the United Nations recommends that prevention of post-harvest food waste is key as well as investment and engineering in “relatively simple technologies which can provide effective solutions and dramatically reduce losses.” This is precisely where Compatible Technology International (CTI) comes in.
Cereal grains grown in developing countries traditionally incur up to 50% post-harvest loss due to spillage, poor separation and drying contamination, or storage. One particularly important grain is pearl millet, a drought resistant crop grown in Sub-Saharan Africa that is highly nutritious. With CTI’s Pearl Millet Suite, farmers capture more than 90% of their harvest, helping them produce millet flour ten times faster than by using traditional methods.
The tools are simple: a stripper, thresher, winnower, and grinder, all engineered for the needs of a small farmer.
For impoverished communities struggling in times of a changing climate, CTI’s Pearl Millet Suite, more efficient post-harvest grain production could be the difference between a thriving farm and going hungry for years to come. With less food waste, farmers can diversify their crops to increase their resilience in times of environmental stress and spend less time in the field, allowing for more economic opportunity to sell their increased yield.
Sorcha Douglas is an intern from Macalester College, studying International Studies with a concentration in International Development and a minor in Environmental Studies.